Factors to consider when choosing an oral maxillofacial surgeon
Posted on 10/22/2021 by Greater Charlotte Oral and Facial Surgery
Corrective jaw surgery, also known as orthognathic surgery, is the surgical procedure intended to correct conditions and deformities of the jaw joint and lower facial region. These conditions; structural deformities, sleep apnea, TMJ dysfunction, jaw misalignment, bite problems, skeletal misalignment and other facial disharmonies, where treatment and correction could improve functionality, appearance and self-esteem.
Types of corrective jaw surgery
There are various forms of orthognathic procedures to correct the mentioned conditions. These include; Genioplasty osteotomy, arthroplasty, maxillary osteotomy, mandibular osteotomy, arthrocentesis.
Genioplasty osteotomy refers to the procedure performed to advance the chin, and it aims at reconstructing, repositioning and reshaping a misaligned jaw. It is commonly referred to as chin surgery.
Arthroplasty, also known as keyhole surgery, aims at treating TMD joint disorders (temporomandibular). This is performed by inserting a small camera into the joint and making an incision to remove scar tissue which relieves pain.
Maxillary osteotomy involves correction of the upper jaw and corrects bite problems. Incisions are made on the upper jaw, and the pieces are moved in a supervised manner into the correct positions. The jawbones are then fixed into place using screws or metal plates.
Mandibular osteotomy involves correcting bite abnormalities of the lower jaw like the underbite. Incisions are made at the back of the mouth near the molar region and fixed into position. Severely receded lower jaws are moved and fixed in alignment with the patient's bite movement.
Arthrocentesis refers to the surgical procedure of injecting the TMJ with fluids using tiny needles. The procedure is minimally invasive and aims at lubricating the jaw joint and cleansing and removing any debris causing inflammation. The surgery could also allow for repositioning and realignment of the joint and injecting steroids into the jaw joint.
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